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Beginning of his career
Early life and career
He was born in His childhood in London was burdened with desperate poverty; the son of a struggling actress, he got his first acting job at fourteen, enjoyed success in the music halls, and, in , sailed with the Fred Karno troupe for a three-year gig in the United States. Every man, woman, and child shall have my name on their lips—Charles Spencer Chaplin! The rodomontade was, Laurel saw, a gag, but the essence of its truth was soon realized. I shall save like a son of a gun. I had no idea of the character. But the moment I was dressed, the clothes and the makeup made me feel the person he was.
His father was a versatile vocalist and actor; and his mother, known under the stage name of Lily Harley, was an attractive actress and singer, who gained a reputation for her work in the light opera field. Charlie was thrown on his own resources before he reached the age of ten as the early death of his father and the subsequent illness of his mother made it necessary for Charlie and his brother, Sydney, to fend for themselves. Chaplin aged 9 or 10, at the time he toured with the Eight Lancashire Lads. Having inherited natural talents from their parents, the youngsters took to the stage as the best opportunity for a career. At the close of this engagement, Charlie started a career as a comedian in vaudeville, which eventually took him to the United States in as a featured player with the Fred Karno Repertoire Company. When the Fred Karno troupe returned to the United States in the fall of for a repeat tour, Chaplin was offered a motion picture contract. He finally agreed to appear before the cameras at the expiration of his vaudeville commitments in November ; and his entrance in the cinema world took place that month when he joined Mack Sennett and the Keystone Film Company. At the completion of his Sennett contract, Chaplin moved on to the Essanay Company at a large increase.
He became a worldwide icon through his screen persona, " The Tramp ", and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from childhood in the Victorian era until a year before his death in , and encompassed both adulation and controversy. Chaplin's childhood in London was one of poverty and hardship, as his father was absent and his mother struggled financially, and he was sent to a workhouse twice before the age of nine.