A great power is a sovereign state that is recognized as having the ability and expertise to exert its influence on a global scale. Great powers characteristically possess military and economic strength, as well as diplomatic and soft power influence, which may cause middle or small powers to consider the great powers' opinions before taking actions of their own. International relations theorists have posited that great power status can be characterized into power capabilities, spatial aspects, and status dimensions. While some nations are widely considered to be great powers, there is no definitive list of them. Sometimes the status of great powers is formally recognized in conferences such as the Congress of Vienna    or the United Nations Security Council. The term "great power" was first used to represent the most important powers in Europe during the post- Napoleonic era. The "Great Powers" constituted the " Concert of Europe " and claimed the right to joint enforcement of the postwar treaties.
This article covers worldwide diplomacy and, more generally, the international relations of the great powers from to The international relations of minor countries are covered in their own history articles. For the previous era see International relations, — For the s and s see International relations — This led to imperialist and colonialist competitions for influence and power throughout the world, most famously the Scramble for Africa in the s and s. The reverberations are still widespread and consequential in the 21st century.
You may follow him on Twitter jansurotchak. In May , voters in the member states of the European Union went to the polls to elect a new European Parliament to a five-year term. This represents the second largest democratic balloting procedure on the planet, with roughly million eligible voters placing a European Parliament EP election behind only a national election in India in terms of sheer numbers of participants. The United States trails well behind, at just over million. And the European Union is, of course, a major world economic power. Taken as an aggregate of all its national economies, it ranks second behind the United States in nominal terms; it also ranks second behind China in terms of purchasing power parity.
A great power is a nation or state that, through its great economic , political and military strength, is able to exert power and influence not only over its own region of the world, but beyond to others. In a modern context, recognized great powers first arose in Europe during the post- Napoleonic era. The historical terms "Great Nation", a distinguished aggregate of people inhabiting a particular country or territory, and "Great Empire",  a considerable group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, are colloquial ; their use is seen in ordinary historical conversations. France was a dominant empire possessing many colonies in various locations around the world. The Empire of the French — , also known as the Greater French Empire or First French Empire , but more commonly known as the Napoleonic Empire , was also the dominant power of much of continental Europe during the early 19th Century. The Treaty of Tilsit in July ended two years of bloodshed on the European continent. Subsequent years of military victories known collectively as the Napoleonic Wars extended French influence over much of Western Europe and into Poland. Early French victories exported many ideological features of the French Revolution throughout Europe.